Activities and Experiences in Science Education
What is the importance of Science Education to IUGG?
One of the primary objectives of IUGG is to promote the study of the shape of the Earth, its gravitational and magnetic fields, the dynamics of the Earth as a whole and of its component parts, the Earth's internal structure, composition and tectonics, the generation of magmas, volcanism and rock formation, the hydrological cycle including snow and ice, all aspects of the oceans, the atmosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere and solar-terrestrial relations, and analogous problems associated with the Moon and other planets. Such an objective necessarily includes activities related to Science Education, although the form of those activities varies widely. The important educational activities are capacity building and research meetings (e.g., workshops, schools, symposia and assembles). Within the IUGG components, dozens of scientific workshops and assemblies are held annually in countries distributed over the globe. These meetings have a strong educational aspect because young and otherwise financially-disadvantaged scientists, who cannot usually travel to international meetings, have the opportunity to gain exposure and present papers in professional forum. In addition, all of the Union's eight Associations maintain Internet web sites that enable public access to general and specific information about their activities.
What has IUGG done in Science Education that has been particularly effective?
Because each of the IUGG disciplines requires careful observations made in standardized ways, a common educational strategy is that of training. The IUGG International Scientific Associations plan and fund 搒chools?in which students, young professionals, and technicians learn the tools and techniques needed to acquire accurate data. The venues for these schools change and are typically held in developing countries where opportunities for training are scarce. The examples of such schools are numerous.
The most recent and particularly effective ongoing activity in Science Education is the IUGG project 揈lectronic Geophysical Year in Africa (eGY-Africa)?sponsored by IUGG in the framework of the Union Program 揋eoscience for Africa? The eGY-Africa project brings together IUGG scientists and their African colleagues with the aim to reduce the digital divide and seeks to achieve better Internet and Grid access for scientists (and others) in universities and similar research and education institutions in Africa, so they can participate on equal terms with the rest of the world as we move into the information era. The Internet Science Education becomes an important component in science education. The belief is that strengthening the tertiary education and research sector in this way is a necessary step towards making African communities wealthier, safer, and more sustainable.
Why is the particular project so successful? There are several reasons for that. Among them, the IUGG-sponsored Electronic Geophysical Year attracted considerable attention worldwide to the problems of digital divide. The project is supported by a great enthusiasm of IUGG scientists and ability to promote the major idea of the project.
What are IUGG抯 major current activities in Science Education?
See above. Also IUGG together with the number of ICSU Unions and UNESCO will conduct symposia and workshops on natural hazards and disaster risk reduction in South America, Africa and Asia/Australia in 2010-2011 with one of the aims as science education in the relevant fields. The list of scientific meetings recently awarded by IUGG can be found at http://www.ojmulb.icu/meetings/sponsored.php. Moreover, each IUGG Association conducts workshops or schools in the field of their competence worldwide.
What are IUGG抯 major challenges regarding Science Education?
- To involve scientists, especially early career scientists, from economically less-developed countries, into the international geophysical community and to promote through the scientists education in their countries.
- To transfer technical and theoretical skill from economically developed to less-developed countries.
Examples of specific actions of the Union related to capacity building activities were reported to ICSU in 2001.
Future Earth and Space science education
The International Conference "Future Earth and Space Science and Education" co-sponsored by the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) and the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) was held in ICTP, Trieste, Italy on 2-6 November 2015. The participants of the conference adopted the Declaration "Future Earth and Space Science Education", which aims to highlight the importance of Earth and space science education in future scientific progress and to reinforce the link between the scientific community, national governments and the public to contribute to sustainable development of society through scientific awareness and actions related to challenging problems of society. The declaration was endorsed by IUGG and several ICSU GeoUnions. The Declaration can be viewed and downloaded here: